How to Add User in Linux

In this tutorial, you will see how to create a new user in Linux from command line and GUI.

Add User From Command Line

To create a user in Linux you can either use adduser or useradd. The main difference between these two commands is that adduser is more user-friendly, whereas the useradd command is a low-level command for system services and scripts to use. We will show you how to use both.

Adding a user with adduser command

The syntax below can be used to add a new user with the adduser command. Remember to put your own username in place of “username” in the example below.

$ sudo adduser username

Once executed, this line will show you a prompt window that will ask you to specify the user’s basic information that you can see in the image below:

Adding a new user with adduser command

Adding a user using useradd command

Example 1. The following syntax is used for the useradd command. Replace “username” with that of your desired account name.

$ sudo useradd username

You will notice right away the difference from adduser command. No prompt windows will be shown to configure the user’s password or home directory.

Example 2. To set the user’s password simply use the passwd command.

$ sudo passwd username

Example 3. Adding a user while also generating their home directory with the -m option.

$ sudo useradd username -m

Example 4. If you want to specify the user with a custom home directory you need to add the -d option to the command above, followed by the path to the home directory.

$ sudo useradd username -m -d /home/accounts/username

Example 5. If you want to specify the user’s default shell, use the -s command.

$ sudo useradd username -s /bin/sh

Adding a user through the GUI

The steps for creating a new user via GUI will vary depending on your desktop environment and Linux distro. The steps below will work for GNOME on Ubuntu.

Step 1. Go to the system settings in the right corner of the desktop screen. Then click on the users tab.

Open Settings menu in GNOME

Step 2. Click on the unlock button and provide the authentication required then click on add user.

Click the add user button

Step 3. Finally add the information you need for the new user and then click the add button.

Adding a new user via GUI on Ubuntu

Conclusion

Now you know how to add a user with adduser and useradd commands, as well as from GUI. You may also be interested in knowing how to add or remove a user from group.

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