[Solved] ERROR 1698 (28000) Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’

Are you getting the following error when trying to login to the MySQL root on an Ubuntu system or other Linux distribution? We’ll show you how to clear it up in a matter of seconds.

ERROR 1698 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'

Explanation: This error is caused by the auth_socket plugin. The simplest solution is to just disable the plugin which we will show you how to do below.

Follow the corresponding section below, depending on whether you’re running MySQL Server or MariaDB Server, as both implementations require a different solution to fix the root login problem.

MySQL Server

In this section, we will fix the ERROR 1698 for a MySQL Server installation:

Step 1. Log in to MySQL as root (using sudo will bypass MySQL’s password prompt):

$ sudo mysql -u root

Step 2. Change to the mysql database and set the plugin to mysql_native_password for the root user:

mysql> USE mysql;
mysql> UPDATE user SET plugin='mysql_native_password' WHERE User='root';

Step 3. You have to change the root password for this to work. Even just specifying the current password is fine too, but this command must be executed:

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password_here';
mysql> exit;

Step 4. Lastly, restart MySQL for the changes to take effect:

$ sudo systemctl restart mysql

Step 5. You can now log in to MySQL root as normal, and will no longer encounter the error:

$ mysql -u root -p

MariaDB Server

In this section, we will fix the ERROR 1698 for a MariaDB Server installation:

Step 1. The solution for MariaDB is different. Users need to run through initial setup by executing:

$ sudo mysql_secure_installation

Step 2. Press enter when prompted for root password:

Enter current password for root (enter for none):

Step 3. Answer N when asked to enable unix_socket authentication:

Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] n

Step 4. Answer Y when asked if you’d like to change the root password, then supply a new password:

Change the root password? [Y/n] y
New password: 
Re-enter new password:

Step 5. Go through the next few questions, eventually ending by answering Y to reload table privileges:

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y

Step 6. You can now log in to MariaDB root as normal, and will no longer encounter the error:

$ mysql -u root -p

Did this work for you? Let us know in the comments below! Include your system information for help with troubleshooting.

9 thoughts on “[Solved] ERROR 1698 (28000) Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’”

  1. Thank you x 1,000,000…I would have been banging my head against the wall for hours had I not come across your post! TY TY TY TY TY!!!

  2. These are my results.
    Clean install of Linux Mint21.1 (Vera) followed by timeshift restore from another server (without replace of /var/lib/mysql contents).

    $ sudo mysql -u root
    Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
    Your MariaDB connection id is 33
    Server version: 10.6.12-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.22.04.1 Ubuntu 22.04

    MariaDB [(none)]> use mysql;
    Database changed

    MariaDB [mysql]> update user set plugin=’mysql_native_password’ WHERE user=’root’;
    ERROR 1356 (HY000): View ‘mysql.user’ references invalid table(s) or column(s) or function(s) or definer/invoker of view lack rights to use them

    MariaDB [mysql]> alter user ‘root@localhost’ identified by ‘abc123’;
    ERROR 1396 (HY000): Operation ALTER USER failed for ‘root@localhost’@’%’

    MariaDB [mysql]> select User,Password,Host,plugin,authentication_string from user;
    | User | Password | Host | plugin | authentication_string |
    | mariadb.sys | | localhost | mysql_native_password | |
    | root | invalid | localhost | mysql_native_password | invalid |
    | mysql | invalid | localhost | mysql_native_password | invalid |
    | phpmyadmin | * | localhost | mysql_native_password |* |

    1. Looks like you’re using MariaDB. Turns out that the solution for MariaDB is different than that of MySQL Server. We’ve updated the tutorial to include a fix for MariaDB as well.

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